Chinese Painting has developed a unique style. It is painted on rice paper or thin silk with brushes, Chinese ink, and Chinese painting dye. In terms of topics, it involves portrait, landscape, flower, and bird, grass and insect, etc. On painting techniques, one is traditional Chinese realistic painting characterized by fine brushwork and close attention to detail, and the other is freehand brushwork. These two kinds have their own characteristics. Originated from late Zhou Dynasty, portraits gradually formed its own characteristics during Han Dynasty, Wei Dynasty, and the period of Six Dynasties.
In Sui and Tang Dynasties, painting dyes were invented in CHina; the period of Five Dynasties and Song Dynasty witnessed the rise of many genres, and the rapid development of Chinese painting; in Yuan Dynasty, wash drawing was very popular; during Ming and Qing Dynasties as well as the modern times, Chinese painting mainly followed the regulations or rules prescribed in early dynasties. But each dynasty witnessed the emergence of innovative painters. In the field of fine arts world widely, Chinese painting has its unique national style and characteristics. In terms of image sketching, Chinese painting tends to use lines and black color to reflect the nature, form, and structure of objects. It combines with many artistic forms such as poem, ditties, odes, and calligraphies, facilitating the vivid delivery of body and sprit. Besides, Chinese painting has another unique characteristic-it is decorated with mounting which serves the expression of charm and glamour of painted images.